Who is Har Gobind Khorana, today's Google Doodle

Angelica Greene
January 11, 2018

Har Gobind received the Nobel Prize in the field of medicine for his work on understanding and interpreting genetic code and how it functions in protein synthesis.

While Khorana was known as a modest and down to earth man despite his accomplishments, he also used to say, "I only work on big problems". His father, who was a village agricultural taxation clerk in the then colonial India, taught Khorana how to read and write during his childhood, India Today reported.

In 1968, Khorana shared the Nobel Price in Physiology or Medicine with two colleagues, for the discovery which shows that the nucleotides in DNA sign a code which helps the scientist to determine which amino acid needs to get produce. "These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell functions", according to Google's bio of the biochemist. The India-born scientist also constructed the world's first synthetic gene.

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Dr Khorana went to America to become its naturalized citizen and received the National Medal of Science. "In the 1980s Khorana synthesized the gene for rhodopsin, a protein involved in vision". He was born on January 9th, 1922, or 96 years ago today.

Khorana died of natural causes on November 9, 2011 in Concord, Massachusetts at the age of 89. Dr. Khorana and Esther have three children together: Julia, Emily, and Dave. After his graduation and masters from Panjab University, Lahore Khorana moved to England for his doctoral studies at the University of Liverpool. He lived in India until 1945 when he was awarded a Government of India Fellowship. "It was the introduction of Khorana to Western civilization and culture", the Nobel biography says. He worked under Professor Vladimir Prelog in Zurich for one year and continued his reserch.

Other reports by GizPress

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