Smoking Causes More Than Seven Million Deaths

Ebony Scott
June 2, 2018

The focus this year is "Tobacco and Heart Disease" to emphasize impact tobacco has on the cardiovascular health of people across the globe.

"The tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than seven million people each year. tobacco breaks hearts".

The GATS stated that the awareness campaigns used to ask people to quit using tobacco, worked well. "Many people are unaware that tobacco is one of the leading causes of heart disease and stroke".

In India and Indonesia, meanwhile, more than half of all adults do not know that the habit can lead to a stroke.

China has the highest number: of its population of 1.3 billion, about 315 million are smokers and they consume more than a third of the world's cigarettes, the WHO said in a report past year. This is due to population growth, even as prevalence rates decline.

Commenting on efforts to encourage people to quit, the United Nations health expert warned that only around 12 per cent countries are on track to meet global targets to reduce by one-third the number of people dying from non-communicable diseases by 2030, as part of the Sustainable Development Goals agenda.

Although thought to be considerably safer than tobacco cigarettes, studies have linked long-term use to heart disease and cancer.

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"Surveys conducted around the world among children aged 13-15 years indicate that 24 million of them smoke". India also has 200 million of the world's 367 million smokeless tobacco users. Over 80 per cent of tobacco smokers live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICS). Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi, Professor, Surgical Oncology, from Tata Memorial Hospital, said, "Tobacco is the singlemost known and preventable cause of cardiovascular death and disability in the world".

Quitting the habit is made more hard by the physical addiction to nicotine - the chemical stimulant in tobacco.

Tobacco use is an important risk factor for the development of coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease. According to the report, Uganda has about 1.1 million daily smokers, out of which one million are males and 180,000 women.

According to data collated by the Gurugram police in collaboration with the non governmental organisation (NGO) Sambandh Health Foundation, the city accounted for 29,989 of the 39,000 fines issued under the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) between January 2017 and April 2018. These types of products eliminate the smoke and reduce the levels of harmful toxic chemicals while at the same time deliver the nicotine and ritual that millions of smokers look for.

Other steps to reduce tobacco demands include creating completely smoke-free indoor workplace and public places, instituting hard-hitting warnings and graphic pictures about the dangers of smoking on cigarette packets and banning tobacco advertisement, promotion and sponsorship.

In Maharashtra, as per GATS-2, 35.5 per cent of men, 17 per cent of women and 26.6 per cent of all adults now either smoke and or use smokeless tobacco.

Other reports by GizPress

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